|Here should come the names
starting with the simple "L"; LACH, -up and incl. the name LUTY, and not ABA
and the names following it written in Polish with a barred "L"=
The following names starting
here with the letter "L" are written in Polish with an oblique bar
through "L"=. The barred "L" i e. ""
is pronounced differently from the simple "L", similarly to the "W" in
English. Therefore they must follow and not precede the names written
with the simple letter "L". It means that they should come after
the name LUTY. This group, starting with the name ABA,
terminates with the name YSZCZYNSKI
see PARKASIEWICZ-LABA, J.
LABEDA, Melania, wife
LACNY-DZWIGAJ, Irena, daughter?
LADOSZ, Helena, wife
LAGWA, Eleonora, wife
LAGWA, Feliks Teofil, son
LAPINSKI, Jerzy, son
LAPINSKI, Mikolaj, son
LAPINSKI, Sergiusz, son
LAWKOWICZ, Janina, wife
LAWSKI, Helena, wife
LAZANOWSKI, Katarzyna, wife
LAZANOWSKI, Anna, daughter
LAZOWSKI, Zofia, wife
LOGINSKI, Jerzy (1903-)
During the massacre of Jews
in Rawa Ruska and after most of the area Jews had been deported to the
Belzec extermination camp, a Jewish neighbor, Berisch, asked Jerzy's sister,
Waleria Koziarczyk for the refuge. With him came his wife, Lola, her
sisters: Fejga and Matylda and Fejga's husband, Don Berger. All of
them were concealed in the garret of Waleria's house. Another Jewish
couple, the Steinfelds, had a baby who could not remain with its parents.
Jerzy, with the help of his woman acquaintance, brought the baby to Zamosc,
to Stefania Swasze, presenting her the baby as an orphan from Rawa Ruska.
After the war the Steinfelds retrieved their child and all Jews left Poland.
The Germans killed one of Waleria's sons and arrested the second one with
Jerzy Loginski. The latter two, however, returned home. In
1988 Don Berger wrote from Brazil that all their family of 5 persons were
hidden, from August 1942 till the entrance of the Soviets in 1944, in Waleria's
house with the knowledge and disinterested help of Jerzy. Waleria
however has not been recognized as "Righteous". See: Grynberg,
LOZA, Eugeniusz, son
LOZA-NOWAK, Irena, daughter?
LOZINSKI, Maria, wife
LOZINSKI, Zofia (not related)
LOZINSKI, Danuta, daughter
LOZINSKI, Zbigniew, son
LOZINSKI, Zuzanna (not related)
LOZOWSKI, Zofia see WISNICKI,
LUCZAK, Edmund, physician
Dr. Luczak spent the occupation
at Liskowo near Kalisz. He provided medical attention to many Jews.
One of them was the thirteen years old Natalia Landau. The girl with
her mother escaped the transport to the Chelmno extermination camp.
They roamed the forest. Her mother died and Natalia was gravely wounded.
The peasant Krych from the village Zydowo, near Liskowo, who found her,
took her to the doctor who, realizing that she is Jewish, restored her
to health. In 1960 Natalia, then in England, thanked the doctor again.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LUCZAK, Roman (1899-) (not
Roman took part in the September
campaign as an ensign and was taken to a POW camp, from which he escaped.
He became active in the renowned "Parasol" detachment of the underground
forces and was wounded in the Warsaw uprising (1944). He also helped
Jews. He hid in his villa two Jews, of whom one was Jerzy Bruehl
from Kobryn. He also participated in concealing in the years 1942-43
of five (5) Jews who escaped from the ghetto. They remained several
months with a farmer at Kaczargi Stare, near Pruszkow. See: Grynberg,
LUGOWSKI, Halina (1914-)
The Lugowskis were poor peasants
with three children at the village of Choja, (Siedlce prov.) In 1942
another peasant brought them for a few days a girl, Wanda, false name of
Stella Zylberstein. Wanda told Halina that she is Jewish. Wanda
was moved to a richer farmer, Andrzej Zdanowski, and later to Wladyslawa
Piotrowski, and to Franciszek and Rozalia Wielogorski. After the
war Stella went to Israel and brought Halina Lugowski there for good.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
wife, later HUDYMA
The Lukasiewicz couple harbored
for two years on their farm at Szczurawice, near Brody, the Sterling family:
Szymon, his wife Zofia and also their mother and brother. Their daughter,
Janina, their son Bronislaw and the parish priest, encouraged them, warned
of danger and helped in general. Franciszka, 87, now invalid, was
honored, with her deceased husband, in July 1990 in the St. Paul hospital
in Saskatoon, Canada. The medal of "Righteous" conferred on her the
Israeli Consul Benjamin Abileah in the presence of the daughter and grandson
of the rescued, of a Jewish organization of Saskatoon, of the Town Council,
and of the Catholic and the Jewish clergy. The daughter of the saved
family, Phyllis Sterling-Jacobs, called Franciszka or Franka (Polish diminutive)
her "second mother". With her husband she adopted two girls to "do
something for others". She said: "The Lukasiewicz name was on the
lips of my parents all my childhood and youth". In the interview
on CBC Franciszka told that this was a natural thing to do, "as they did
not have any place to go". The photo shows Franciszka seated and
behind her Janina her daughter and Phillis Sterling Jacob.
See: "Pielgrzym" of Nov. 1990, a religious monthly in Polish in Canada,
written by the priest Stanislaw Bijak.
"The Canadian Jewish News"
published on Aug. 9, 1990 (p. 5) an article written by Ron Csillag, with
a photo of Franka Hudyma-Lukasiewicz from "The Saskatoon Star-Phoenix".
It says that Phyllis Jacobs recorded on tape her father's memoirs of the
war years before his death in 1986 and sent the tapes to Yad Vashem in
Jerusalem. Present in the hospital were beside Janina Michalczewski,
Franciszka's daughter and her daughter, Maria Smith, as well as Franciszka's
five grandchildren. After the death of Antoni in 1961, Franka remarried
in 1969 Mr. Hudyma, a neighbor, and came with him a year later to Canada,
LUKASIEWICZ, Franciszek (not
LUKASIEWICZ, Maria, wife
LUSZCZ, Jozef, son,
LUSZCZ, Walerian, son,
LYJAK, Wiktor (1903-)
LYJAK, Julianna (1908-)
LYJAK, Zygmunt (1928-) son,
LYJAK, Wieslaw, son
The family lived in the village
Kepa Gostecka, not far from Opole Lubelskie.
The father, a very poor
peasant, worked also as a steersman on goods barges and caught fish for
sale. During the occupation the Lyjaks were active in the BCH, underground
Peasant Batalions and brought food to the Opole Lubelskie ghetto.
During the liquidation of that ghetto, the Josko brothers, Adam and Cudyk,
who earlier used to buy fish from Wiktor, came to them asking for shelter.
The Lyjaks hid them in the barn; the entrance to it was masked by farm
machinery. One day Wiktor carried by boat two other young men, both
tailors. As they were hungry and cold he invited them to his house.
They stayed with him for many months and later moved to the forest.
Zygmunt and Wieslaw brought them food there. When they visited the
Lyjaks, they were always armed, supposedly belonging to the Gustaw Alef
Bolkowiak's partisan unit. From occasional aid of the Lyjaks benefited
also Szmul with his son Duwcze and Wajnkuchen. The fate of all these
people is unknown. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
see BARANSKI-LYSZCZYNSKI, S.
LACH, Petronela, wife
LACH, Jozefa, daughter
LACH, Zofia, daughter
LACH, Tadeusz (not related)
LACHOWICZ, Wojciech, (1889--1943)
Dr. Lachowicz lived at Jagielnica,
near Czortkow. In June 1941 stopped there a transport of ca. 300
Hungarian Jews destined for Kamieniec Podolski . Among them was Dr. Icchak
Josyfowicz, also a physician. The Ukrainian guards of the transport,
benefited from his medical care. Wojciech got the permission of the
Ukrainian district head, Kanal, to keep Dr. Josyfowicz with his family
in Jagielnica, taking him to his house. The Hungarian doctor was
allowed to practice medicine. In 1942 he returned with his family
to Hungary and lived there until the liberation. By contrast, the
Ukrainian nationalists killed Dr. Lachowicz on September 16, 1943. See:
Grynberg, op. cit.
LAHUN, Agnieszka, wife
see JANKIEWICZ-LANDAU, I.
see GODZIEN, Ludwik, father
LANDOWSKI, Zofia, wife
Eleonora see STEFANOWICZ, Leon & Stefania, parents?
LANGE, Zygmunt, son
Mother and son living during
the occupation in Warsaw, were very active in the resistance and harbored
Jews many times in their home. Among them was Jerzy Lipmann, Zygmunt's
high school colleague and friend. Zygmunt fell in the Warsaw Uprising
(1944) and his mother lost her life in the notorious women concentration
camp Ravensbruck. Their memory was honored in Warsaw on Dec. 15,
as announced the Israeli Embassy in Poland.
LANGER, Bozena, daughter
LANGIEWICZ, Jan Michal (1905-1985)
LANGIEWICZ, Maria (1911-)
wife, born ZBOWID
The couple lived in Warsaw.
Jan Michal was a history teacher. During the occupation he conducted
secret schooling in his school - (teaching and studying under German
occupation, beyond the primary level, was punished by death of teachers
and students). In the summer of 1942 a Jewish ex-student of Jan Michal,
Konrad Swierczynski, asked him to help H. S., a girl who managed to escape
from the ghetto. Jan Michal took her into his home. A few days
later another student asked for the same for a girl who escaped from the
Sokolow Podlaski ghetto, Szejndla Lender. Langiewicz gave Konrad
a fictitious job as a school janitor. The Edward and Anna Rowinski couple
from Otwock also benefited from his help. Anna was harbored by him
and got a job as a housekeeper. When "Blue" police once caught her,
the Langiewicz couple went to the police post and testified in writing
that they knew her to be a Catholic. Edward Rowinski had pronounced
Jewish features. Langiewicz hid him and fed him for one year in the
school store. Pawel Lew Marek, who escaped from the ghetto in March
of 1943, was given the job of school janitor, introduced to the school
principal as an old buddy of Jan Michal from the university. In the
janitor's room there stayed also his wife and other people, up to eight
(8) such refugees like Dr. Zelikson, from Brzesc. In 1966 H. S. testified:
"Many noble people did not hesitate to risk their life in the times of
contempt. Among them Professor Langiewicz should occupy an honorable place.
We, whom he aided and whose spirits he kept up, have built him a living
monument in our hearts" (translated from Polish). See: Grynberg,
Tadeusz lived in Vilna, in
a spacious house belonging to his cousin Janina Struzanowski. In
September 1941, after the Germans murdered 35,000 Jews and shut the rest
in the ghetto, a Jewish woman, H.W, her baby girl and her Polish nurse
came over to the home of Tadeusz. He prepared a shelter in the cellar,
2.5 by 3 meters where the women could take refuge in moments of danger,
but normally they stayed in a hut on the same property until the end of
the war. Another Jewish woman asked Tadeusz for shelter for her two
daughters, fifteen and three. Besides them, Tadeusz hid in his home
for many months in 1942, Dr. Szadkowski with his family of four.
All survived the war. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
Julianna see JASINSKI-LARYSZ, J.
LASKOWSKI, Julian (1918-)
Julian resided with his parents,
brothers and sisters in the village of Pawlowice, Kielce prov. Germans
started to deport Jews from nearby Wodzislaw and other localities to Treblinka.
Ajzyk Hajzykowicz, with his sister, Dana Nawarski, her husband Lejzor and
two children, five and seven, appeared at Julian's door asking for shelter.
He hid them in haystacks behind the farm buildings or in the fields, in
the horse stable and in moments of particular danger in the fire department
building. Informed of a possible visit by some ill-intentioned partisans,
he hid his charges in that building, thus saving them. For a short
time Julian put his guests up with Jozef Nawara, in the village of Nawarzyce.
Unfortunately Lejzor left incautiously his refuge and was shot by a German
patrol. Dina Nawarski returned with her children to Julian where
they lived to see the end of the war. In the fifties she went to
Israel, but she invited Julian for a visit there. See" Grynberg,
op. cit. The other members of the family were not recognized.
LASKOWSKI, Zygmunt (not related)
LASOTA, Wladyslawa, wife
LASZKIEWICZ, Maria, wife
LATAWIEC, Jozefa, wife
Janina Ekier related thus
her story to Elzbieta Isakiewicz. The Latawiec couple resided in
Cracow. Tadeusz was a postal employee. As the Germans took
over their apartment, the Latawiec couple moved into a three-room flat
with another Polish family. They received a telegram from my mother",
- Janina Ekier relates - "asking them to take me in, an 8-year old girl,
just for two weeks. When my mother was about to board the train to
be deported to a camp, she pushed me toward the Latawiecs, waiting for
me at the station. Mrs. Latawiec told me: "Keep your head up, only
Jewish children lower their heads." She took from her neck a holy
medal and put it on my neck. On the stairs to the apartment they
told me, that from now on, I am their niece, that my father is a prisoner
of war and that my mother died. They were a very orderly, meticulous
people. One night I heard them talking: We do not have a dog,
nor a cat and now we find ourselves with a child. My mother wrote
them a note that she is in the Plaszow camp, which in 1942 was still an
"open" camp. We all three visited my mother and I, whom my adoptive
parents called Halinka, told my mother that they do not want me and that
I wish to be in the camp with her. My mother replied that this is
impossible. The Polish couple agreed to keep me another two weeks.
The girl, according to her mother's instructions, did all she could to
gain their approval, making herself useful around the house. After
two weeks Tadeusz told my mother that they would keep me for another two
weeks. From that time on, during one year, he visited my mother regularly
with food and news. In the spring of 1943 my mother's sister and
two cousins were killed. She alone from the Plaszow women was somehow
saved. Halinka saw her mother for the last time, as her mother asked
not to bring her anymore. Halinka's brother, although provided with
"Aryan" papers, was taken to Auschwitz. (Only two years ago did Janina
Ekier get his death certificate). People started talking that the
Latawiecs harbor a Jewish girl. The Polish family, who lived with
them, requested that they get rid of her. My mother, Janina Ekier
continued - having been informed by Tadeusz about that, said: "So bring
her to me, whatever will happen to me, will happen to her". To this
Tadeusz replied. "No, whatever will happen to her, will happen to us".
However, they had to leave the building. Tadeusz had a German friend,
who invited them for a few days. He had to leave for six weeks, but
Halinka had to vanish. The Latawiecs shut me for that time in a shack,
on the balcony, bringing me once a week food and books, among them a Catholic
prayer book purchased before by my true mother. After that extremely
difficult period of loneliness for Halinka, her Polish mother put her up
with a previous housemaid at the village of Borek Falencki. Tadeusz
received from an acquaintance a birth certificate for a paralyzed child,
under the family name Baran. From now on I had to simulate a cripple,
said Janina Ekier. One day an armed German came, looking for the
paralyzed girl; I was so frightened, that I jumped and clung to my adoptive
mother. She fell to her knees imploring him to leave the girl.
Fortunately he left, bribed with a gift. Jozefa, who was very religious,
returned from church one morning and related, that St. Antony told her
to put me up with Catholic Sisters. So she did, not telling them
that her "niece" is a Jew. I stayed then at Staniatki with the Felician
Sisters, where 15 children lived, of whom six were Jewish. My Polish
parents visited me every Sunday, bringing with them some small gifts for
me and paying for my upkeep. I continuously prayed for my parents,
often lying prostrate on the chapel's floor with my arms outstretched.
I decided to ask for myself and in the name of the other five Jewish children
to be baptized, revealing thus that I am Jewish, to the great consternation
of my adoptive mother. The baptism and the other holy Sacraments
followed. When the Germans left Cracow, the Sisters got back to their
old convent there, where great hunger reigned. The Latawiecs registered
me at a private high school, for which I was excellently prepared.
Suddenly my true mother returned from Buchenwald and appeared in the Latawiecs'
apartment. After 7 years my father and my brother also returned from
Russia, but in a terrible state. My biological parents found a room
for themselves, but l did not want to be with them, I did not want to leave
my adoptive parents. It was a most painful experience for me, as
I loved both dearly: my biological as well as my adoptive parents.
Finally the latter took me to Israel. Much correspondence followed.
Only in 1979 was Janina Ekier permitted by the government regulations to
visit Cracow. At that time Tadeusz was no longer living. However,
when Jozefa became ill, Janina was with her for the last six weeks.
Somebody said that she had a "luxurious Shoah". "Maybe it was true.
I received so much love", concludes Janina Ekier. See: Isakiewicz,
LATOS, Waclawa (1911-) wife
The Latos couple lived in
Sosnowiec and during the occupation provided food to their Jewish acquaintances.
Waclawa also used to drive to the forced labor camp at Raciborz, bringing
food and money to her acquaintance, Zofia Mamlok. Adela Leneman escaped
in June 1943 from transportation to Auschwitz and came to the Latos, with
who she remained, in spite of very difficult living conditions, until 1944.
Then the latter facilitated her the journey to Villach, in Austria, to
join her sister. Dr. Dreyfus, a Czech Jew, also benefited from the
Latos' help. Adela maintains contact with the Latos. See: Grynberg,
LAURYSIEWICZ, Stefania (1892-1945)
Wanda (1914-) daughter
LAURYSIEWICZ, Helena (1917-)
The mother and daughters
lived in Warsaw. From July 1942 until the Warsaw Uprising (1944),
they harbored in their apartment Bernard and Felicja Feilgut, with their
granddaughter Ewa, who remained with them till the war's end. In
February 1944 Wanda married Jan Spychalski (q.v.) who came to live with
the Laurysiewicz women. See: Grynberg, op.cit.
see MLAWSKI-LAWER, F.
LEBIEDZINSKI, Maria (1924-)
Maria was a daughter of a
navel officer from Gdynia. During the occupation she stayed in a rented
room in Warsaw and studied as a nurse with the Polish Red Cross. She came
to know a Jewish woman, Apel, who went under the name of Lilka Zawadzki
and needed shelter. Maria took her into her room and found her a
job as a nanny. When Lilka was blackmailed, Maria, through her contacts
with the underground, caused the disappearance of the blackmailer.
After the war Lilka went to Israel but maintains steady contact with Maria.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LECH-REZLER, Helena (1907-)
Helena lived with her small
son in Zoliborz, Warsaw. In the summer of 1942 Teodor and Ernestyna
Ringelheim, from Cracow, who moved to Debica and then to Warsaw, found
refuge with Helena until the Warsaw Uprising (1944). They escaped
from the Pruszkow camp and returned to Warsaw. See: Grynberg,
LEGEC (LEGIEC?) Wladyslaw
LEGEC (LEGIEC?) Stanislawa,
The home of Wladyslaw and
Stanislawa Legec in the basement of 3/5 Szczygla Street in Warsaw was the
first among the many clandestine hiding places for refugees from the ghetto
and transfer points for Jewish youths being sent out of the city to join
the partisans. The Legec were members of the PPR, Polish Workers'
Party and in spite of having a small child, they allowed their place to
be used so extensively that it defied all rules of conspiratorial activity.
Another place had to be found for exclusive contacts with the ghetto.
With the help of Wladyslaw Legec, a room was rented in the Old Town.
It served to give material help, moral support, to supply arms, facilitate
escapes and giving shelter to Jews. It served also as a meeting place
between the District Committee of the PPR in the ghetto and the members
of the Executive on the "Aryan" side. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin,
LEHNERT, Zdzislawa, wife
see FRANKOWICZ-LEIDER, Z.
Paulina see NIESCIEROWICZ, Kazimierz, husband
see FRITZ, Wit & Maria, parents?
see KOLASINSKI-LEOPOLD, H. and sister KOLASINSKI-KUTKOWSKI, Janina
LERMAN, Antoni (1908-1973)
LERMAN, Feliksa, (1905-)
The Lermans owned a fruit
and vegetable shop in Warsaw. They had two children, eleven years old Irena
and a younger son Jerzy. A Jewish girl, blond with blue eyes, Halina
Kepka, thirteen, was hired by another family as a nanny for their child.
When that family learned that Halina was Jewish they terminated her employment.
It was the Lermans who, knowing that she was Jewish, took the girl into
their home and according to her testimony of 1987, they treated her very
well, as their own child. Halina went to Israel and wrote that she
owes them everything. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LERSKI, Jerzy, alias "JUR"
Jerzy was the second courier
after Jan Kozielewski, alias Karski, (q.v.) who had been sent abroad in
November 1942. Jerzy was sent in January 1944, as the representative
of the Warsaw Delegation of the Polish Government-in-Exile (in London)
with news from the Polish underground. On the base of his own observations,
numerous contacts and documents, he informed political circles abroad about
the German occupation in Poland, including the extermination and persecution
of Jews. See: Prekerowa, op. cit.
LESAK, Antoni, son (does
not appear in the 1999 List)
Anna, posthumously and her
son were honored by the recognition as "Righteous" in a rally at Earl Bales,
Ontario, which drew over 1,500 people. Presided the ceremony the
Israeli Consul General, Jehudi Kinar, himself a child survivor. The
article by Ron Csillag was published in The Canadian Jewish News of May,
8, 1997, on p. 1.
On the accompanying photo
appaer: The Consul, Antonin Lesak, Irena Leszkowicz (q.v.) and Constantine
Eckhardt (q.v.) and on the right Hank Rosenbaum, chair of the Canadian
Society for Yad Vashem.
LESINSKI, Wladyslaw (1896-1981)
LESINSKI, Aleksandra (1907-1989)
LESINSKI, Zdzislaw, son
The family farmed at Ostrowek
Wegrowski (Siedlce prov). In the second part of 1942 the neighbors
of the Lesinskis harbored in extremely difficult conditions, in a cowshed,
the Jewish family of Mieczyslaw Knobel, his wife Cywia-Cecylia, their six
years old son Bolek and Cywia's sister, Rozalia Kalecki. There was
a camp for Russian POWs, 100 meters away. German guards with dogs
searched the surrounding farms very often, looking for escaped prisoners.
Aleksandra Lesinski, moved especially by the fate of the child, took the
Knobels into her home, on her own initiative, without the knowledge of
her family. When the secret leaked out, Aleksandra with her
husband built a hiding place in one of the rooms with an extra wall.
In this room stayed Aleksandra's terminally ill mother, which gave the
family a pretext not to allow neighbors to go in this room. Toward
the end of the occupation the farm was bombarded and the buildings took
fire. According to the Cywia's statement of 1967, the Lesinskis,
instead of trying to extinguish the fire and save their buildings, and
the materials for a new house, first led their guests to a secure place
in the forest, thus saving them. "We will never forget their nobility
and disinterestedness" (translated from Polish). See: Grynberg, op.
LESISZ-GUTOWSKI, Wanda see
GUTOWSKI, Leonia, mother
LESZCZYNSKI, Anna, wife
LESZCZYNSKI, Jozef, son
see WASOWSKI-LESZCZYNSKI, E.
LESZCZYNSKI, Klemens (1896-1986)
LESZCZYNSKI, Zofia (1893-1982)
LESZCZYNSKI, Jozef (1929-)
Klemens and Zofia farmed
at Suraz, near Bialystok. In October 1939 Ewa and Leon Grynberg,
with their six years old daughter, Halinka, left Warsaw for Bialystok.
In June 1941 the Germans set up the ghetto there. Ewa Grynberg was
denounced as a leftist activist and arrested by the gendarmes, never to
return. Leon Grynberg decided to save Halinka. He contacted
a Polish family, the Skalskis, who took in the girl, taught her Catholic
prayers and brought her to stay with their acquaintances, the Leszczynskis,
as an orphan from Warsaw. When the Leszczynskis learned that she
was a Jew, at first they were terrified. But having talked to the
priest they decided to keep her with them, baptizing her for security reasons.
Halinka remained with them from March 1943 till August 1944 and was treated
as a member of the family with entire disinterestedness. Father and
daughter were reunited after the war. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
Mieczyslaw and his relatives,
Franciszek and Maria Szczubial (q.v.) took part in the saving of the six
member Gerszonowicz family, in the village of Bronow, Kielce prov.
In particular, Gerszonowicz's niece stayed in his home for a certain time.
She went to Israel with her mother. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LESZCZYNSKI, Stefania, wife
LESZEK, Irena see ADASIAK-BARTOSZEWSKI,
LESZKOWICZ, Irena, wife
Irena, 84 years old, of London,
Ontario, and posthumously her husband Ignacy received their medal and certificate
of the recognition of 1994 as "Righteous" from the hands of the Israeli
Consul General, Jehudi Kinar, himself a child survivor. The Rally
at Earl Bales drew over 1,500 participants and took place in early May
1997. The ceremony organized the Canadian Society for Yad Vashem, the Israeli
Consulate, the Holocaust Remembrance Committee of UJA Federation of Greater
Toronto, the Toronto Board of Rabbis and the Toronto Vaad Harabanim.
On the photo Irena appears
between the Consul and Antonin Lesak (q.v.) on her right and Constantine
Eckhard , who received it for his deceased mother Maria (q.v.) and Hank
Rosenbaum, chair of the Canadian Society for Yad Vashem on her left.
The article about the happening was written by Ron Csillag for the Canadian
Jewish News on May 8, 1997, on p. 1.
see WOJCIK, Maria, mother
LEWANDOWSKI, Janina, wife
LEWICKI, Katarzyna, daughter
LEWICKI, Jaroslawa, granddaughter
LEWICKI, Czeslaw (not related)
Czeslaw might be the one
who helped Wladyslaw Szpilman, the pianist, among several other people,
all mentioned under the names of Bogucki, Andrzej and his wife, Bogucki,
Janina, born Godlewski (q.v.) as his case No. is the next one to theirs
and the year of recognition is the same, 1978.
LEWICKI, Franciszka (not
LEWICKI-KOT, Janina, daughter
LEWINSKI, Jan (1899-1989)
LEWINSKI, Janina (-1979)
They lived in Warsaw and
helped many Jews. Some they harbored themselves, others they placed
with acquaintances. In 1942 Jan aided the Reich family (3 persons)
to flee from the ghetto, organized for them false documents and kept them
in his apartment one year. Other Jews helped were: Mr. Edelberg,
Mr. Frydman, Mrs. Kemplinski. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
see SAMOLUK-LICHTENTAL, J.
LIGORIA, Sister, (lay name
Sister Ligoria from the Congregation
of the Sacred Heart in Przemysl is described here together with Sister
Bernarda (q.v.). See: Isakiewicz, op. cit.
LIKOS, Apolonia, wife
LIKOS, Natalia, daughter
see IWASZKIEWICZ, Jaroslaw, husband
LINKIEWICZ, Helena (1907-)
Helena resided in Warsaw
and took part in clandestine schooling, as only preparatory school was
allowed. All studies beyond it were forbidden and many teachers and
students paid for them with their lives. She took into her home Irena O.,
who, after loosing all her family, escaped from the ghetto and stayed first
with Elzbieta Zenczykowski. Helena conducted her
to Zalesie Dolne, to her brother, where she moved also with her children.
No one knew about the origins of Irena O., who were a nanny to Helena's
children. All survived. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LIPCZINSKI-LIPKO, Ewa see
see CZAJKOWSKI, Szymon & Bronislawa, grandparents
LIPINSKI, Eryk (not related)
Krystyna with her friend
Zofia Niczewski-Rontaler (q.v.) both working in the theater in the Lazienki
Palace, both active in the AK, protected Jews always acting together,
as they lived in a two studio apartment. She met a few times before
the war Halina Schulzinger whose husband, Jakub, remained temporarily in
Leipzig. When he came to Warsaw, once Krystyna's mother during a
German search had had to hide him in a sofa bed. He was taken later
in a train roundup.
Since 1941 Halina found
lodgings for Halina and her daughter, Jola. When Halina was finally
shut in the ghetto, Krystyna, walking on the rooftops, saw what happened
there. When Jola mingled with a group of workers leaving the ghetto
for the day, surrounded by soldiers, Krystyna snatched her by hand from
the group and took in a cub home. She found for her a boarding school
in Lesna Podkowa, where she visited her from time to time. Her mother,
Halina, got out of the ghetto by bribe and, as a pianist, managed even
to pay for her daughter schooling, but all her belongings were scattered
in various places. Zosia (diminutive for Zofia) Rontaler, broke the
seal of the Gestapo who closed Halina's apartment and brought her belongings
to her new apartment. Krystyna survived luckily a Gestapo questioning.
Both young friends found a new apartment for Halina Schultzinger, false
papers from the AK and maintained contact with her till the Warsaw Uprising
(1944). Both also harbored sometimes at their apartment some or all
members of the Wdowinski family. This was particularly dangerous
as in that apartment took place also AK meetings. Fortunately they
were never denounced. Krystyna's mother is not recognized.
See: Lukas, Out of the Inferno, op. cit.
LIPINSKI, Stanislaw (not
LIPINSKI, Maria, wife
LIPINSKI, Waleria (not related)
LIPINSKI, Marianna, daughter
LIPKA, Jozefa, wife
LIPKA, Helena, wife
(the four belong to the same family)
Ewelina was the daughter
of a well-known and respected teacher in Ostrowiec Kielecki (now Swietokrzyski)
who ran a boarding house called "Papa Szymanski Pensjonat" in which he
hid Jews. ("Papa" is an endearing name for father" and the first 3 letters,
PPS, indicated also the political party he belonged to, the Polish Socialist
Party). Neighbors suspected it, but kept silent. His daughters were
educated in the ideas of one's duty to his/her neighbors in need.
Ewelina offered her help to her schoolmate Szoszana Wachholder. She provided
her with false documents on a fictional name of a Moslem (Moslems, descendant
of Tartars, settled in Poland centuries before) as her brother-in-law.
Mr. Kryczynski, was a Moslem himself. Szoszana went to Warsaw, where
she found work at Dr. Smigora. Due to a denunciation she spent a
year in the Pawiak prison, in its sewing shop. In July 1944 the Jewish
employees of Pawiak were transferred to Gesiowka. This was a concentration
camp in Warsaw itself. They were liberated from it on August 5, 1944
by the Warsaw insurgents, specifically by the "Zoska " Batalion, part of
the famous "Szare Szeregi" (Grey ranks) under the command of Capt. Micuta.
Ewelina and her sisters also helped other Jews: Cyrla Rakocz, Maria Ryba,
Stefania Kowalczyk, her daughter and Mrs. Dratwer. When the Gurfinkel
baby, (3) whose mother was in Warsaw, was recognized as Jewish, Ewelina
decided to bring it to his mother there. On the station of Ostrowiec
a blackmailer accosted her. She cursed him so energetically, that the young
man fled. The story appeared in Polish in the Izraelskie Nowiny i
Kurier, in Tel Aviv. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin.
LIPSKI, Stefania (1908-)
Stefania lived in Vilna.
Sonia Lewin, wife of Chaim, gave birth to a son in secret from the authorities
of the ghetto. She asked Stefania for help. They agreed that
Sonia would bring the baby in a basket and deposit it near the entrance
to a church, froom where Stefania would pick it up and declare it to the
authorities. The baby was baptized and remained with Stefania for
three years. Stefania also harbored another Jewish child, whose parents,
Israel and Sonia Zylberman, had perished. Chaim Lewin fought in a
Jewish partisan unit. Sonia, his wife, was transferred to Stutthof
and other concentration camps. Both survived and were reunited with
their son and went to the USA. A Jewish family from Moscow adopted
the Zylbermans' daughter. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LIPSKI, Wladyslaw (not related)
LIPSKI, Stefania, wife (another
LIPSKI-KATZ, Danuta, daughter?
LIRO-WAJDA, Zofia (not related)
Today this researcher receives
the article dated Sept. 18, 1986, written by Guadalupe Appendini, from
the 1st and 3rd page of the Excelsior daily in Mexico City. It tells
about the ceremony of conferring the medal of "Righteous" on Sopfia Wajda,
born Liro and given to Adam Wajda for his deceased mother. The ceremony
took place in that city, presided by the Israeli ambassador, Moshe Arad.
The article shows three huge photographs: of the Wajda family with the
ambassador, another with the ambassador handing the medal to Sofia's son,
and a third one of the son,
Adam, alone. The Israeli ambassador read the testimony of the two
sisters Stetmez. It said that Sofia, without the knowledge of her
husband, and what more, even pregnant, decided to save three Jewesses,
the sisters Stetmez and Irene Lisinkievitch, all in the town of Lesko,
in 1942. As in that house stayed also Gestapo officers, the three
women were concealed in a partition of her apartment for two or even three
years. The three women begged her to let them go to the woods,
but she did not allow them to leave her refuge. How she did it defies
imagination. All survived including the son, Adam, living now in
Mexico and a daughter, Hanka, (diminutive of Anna) living in Poland.
Sofia (Spanish for Zofia) Wajda born Liro, died in 1969 in Poland.
This researcher is in possession
of the copy of the certificate of Zofia Liro-Wajda., dated Feb. 6, 1986
and written in Hebrew on the right and in French on the left.
LIS, Helena (1897-1969)
Mother and daughter lived
in Lvov. They harbored five (5) Jews during the entire war: Dr. Jozef
Bauer, Leon Bilgoraj with his wife Liza, Irena Borys and Fritz. All
survived and left Poland, except Irena Borys who moved to Wroclaw (Breslau).
She declared in 1964 that Helena and Wladyslawa did not obtain any benefit
from their good deeds. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LISICKI, Kazimiera, wife
LISICKI, Danuta, daughter
LISICKI, Tadeusz, son
LISIKIEWICZ, Miron, physician
LISOWSKI, Zofia (not related)
LISOWSKI, Witold, son
LITYNSKI, Michal (1906-1989)
Dr. Litynski was the chief
of the Department of Internal Medicine in the Ujazdowski Hospital in Warsaw.
He was active in the AK (Home Army). He helped Jews especially by
giving them false birth and baptismal certificates. He got 50 such
documents from the Protestant pastor Feliks Gloeh (q. v.). Szymon
Z. Bieberstein declared in 1948 that he is most grateful to Dr. Litynski
for the medical attention he accorded to his wife, to his two sons and
to his parents-in-law during the entire occupation, at the risk of loosing
his own freedom. He did not accept any fees and often gave to his
patients free medicines, very difficult to obtain at that time. "The
Polish medical profession may be proud to count Dr. Michal Litynski in
its ranks" (translated from Polish). See: Grynberg, op. cit.
LOBA, Jadwiga, wife
LOBA, Jeremi, son
LORENC, Jozefa, wife
LORENC, Maria, daughter
LORENC, Jozef (not related)
LORENC, Maria, wife
LUBAS, Maria, wife
LUBAS, Julia, daughter
LUBECKI, Zofia, sister
LUBICZ-NYCZ, Bronislaw (not
LUBICZ-NYCZ, Izabela, wife
Sara Rapaport gave a glowing
attestation about the activity of the Lubicz-Nycz couple and their teenage
son, Jan, in helping Jews during the occupation. She was in charge
of the Child welfare Section of the Central Committee of Jews in Poland
and later Director of a psychological institution in Tel Aviv. Edward
Rostal published the story about them in Polish in the Izraelskie Nowiny
i Kurier, in 1963 (No. 214). See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit.
LUBKIEWICZ, Marianna, wife
LUBKIEWICZ, Stanislaw, son
see HUMNICKI, Stefan, count
Alojzy lived at Cholopiny,
district of Luck, Vohlinia. In the middle of 1942, after the liquidation
of the Zofiowka ghetto of about 13.500 Jews and the murder by Germans of
another 600 in the forest, several Jews who escaped came to Alojzy seeking
asylum. The refugees were: Kosko Bulman with his sons, his brother-in-law,
Joska Huszer, with his wife and daughter, Elo Potasz with his wife Rywka,
son Boruch and daughter Baska, and the 3 member Frydman family. Alojzy
hid the first few in the garret above the pigsty then in bunkers dug in
the ground not far from his home, or in the forest. He built nine
(9) such bunkers, seven under the ground, two above, as the number of his
guests rose to 34, counting also the Fisgier, Blitstein, Gierszon, Weisman,
Rowinski families and others. He provided them with food from July
1942 until February 1944, either from his farm, or buying it as far as
30 km away (ca. 20 miles) to avoid suspicions. In February 1943 gendarmes
surrounded one of the bunkers. Jews defended themselves with arms
provided by Alojzy, but 60 Wlasowcy (who collaborated with Germans) used
grenades and killed the 16 Jews in that bunker. The other people
under the care of Alojzy survived. Some of the persons saved, Elo
Potasz, Frydman and Fisgiera, sent Alojzy parcels from the USA. See:
Wronski & Zwolakowa, op. cit., Grynberg. op. cit.
see FIUTEK-LUSOWICKI, J.
LUTY-STOKOWSKI, Janina Helena
see STOKOWSKI-LUTY, J. H.